Niche or Affinity communities are places where people who share similar interests, education and professional backgrounds or lifestyles decide to live in the same place.

Before affinity communities, there were affinity groups

There’s nothing too revolutionary about this idea as people with things in common obviously enjoy each other’s company.  The origin of affinity groups in the current context began in the 16th century in Britain with dining clubs that would meet at a recurring time and location to spend time to talk about specific subjects—like politics or changing science.

Things continued along these lines in the 17th Century with groups like the Freemasons and assorted Gentlemen’s Clubs. The idea of an affinity group or affinity community is not like periodic gatherings that have continuously changing participants, but rather a group where bonds are forged. It’s like an established group of the Red Hat Ladies or an informal club like my pickle ball friends, The Broken Toys.

a broken toy
One of many broken toys

We’re an affinity group because we are falling apart but keep going anyway. Joyce has glaucoma and can only play on the shady side of the court. Marge just had her hip replaced and so we won’t hit her any short shots until she can run better. Beth’s rotator cuff is giving her trouble ensuring only balls hit to her left side and NO high lobs. As for me…I’d list all my infirmities, but there’s not enough room on the Internet. Thing is, all this accommodating has made us terrifically accurate and when we get together we run younger opponents right into the fence (even if they can still run backwards which is against The Broken Toys informal rules).

From affinity group to affinity community

I’m sure you get the idea of an affinity group. Now, make that a group with a minimum size of about 200, and you can start an affinity community. Andrew Carle, a senior housing expert at George Mason University estimates there are about 100 niche communities. “They are the future of housing and will explode in the next 10 to 15 years, when baby boomers hit 75,” he says.

In California perhaps our most famous Affinity Housing Project is Fountaingrove Lodge, a swanky LGBT community in Santa Rosa that has independent and assisted living as well as dementia care. (I just call it a BLT community because I can’t keep all the acronyms straight.) By all accounts Fountaingrove is very successful.

For the last 30 years it seems retirement community living was basically defined by a golf course in suburbia or the top of a mountain out in the country. But, experts maintain that the sheer number of baby boomers coming on-line—78 million—means it won’t be hard to find 200 to 300 like-minded souls to form a niche retirement community, whatever that niche may be.

Many different affinity visions and niches

Rincon del Rio has a vision of building a community for active adults with a very comprehensive range of services when wanted or needed. Our residents want to live in nature, have the space to garden, the needed room for hobby garages to “putter”, and a place where our extended families love to come and visit.

In truth, affinity CCRC 55+ communities have existed for about 100 years led by faith-based interests. The military also sponsors successful communities (Air Force Village and AF Village West) that are exclusively for retired military officers. Because going on a cruise is often less expensive than Assisted Living, some retirees look at a floating solution. Ocean-going vessels like the Utopia offer condo-style, year-round living, while Princess Cruise Lines offers rooms onboard at about the same price as a high-end Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC). If this sounds interesting to you, while certainly not for everyone, explore the retirement of Beatrice Muller.Vavatch Orbital cruise ship

While there are no cruise ships that specifically offer Assisted Living, there is help readily available for many ADL’s (Activities of Daily Living).

If you are seriously thinking about retiring on a ship, research the downsides as well (including illnesses that can sweep across a ship).

The possibilities for Niche Communities are endless—nudists, equestrian enthusiasts, artists, and so on. As with most things, the key to success and happiness lies in moderation. Any community with interests that are very narrow runs the risk of alienating many seniors who want to have a variety of people to interact with, to make friends with, and to explore new curiosities.

The Rincon del Rio affinity community vision

When planning for Rincon del Rio, we had to ask ourselves how much fun it would be, really, if you were on vacation all the time. It was troubling to consider every function of daily life being taken care of by someone. That just doesn’t seem to promote individual growth and personal responsibility—two key ingredients of independent living. In the end, we decided it was best to design a campus where people can retire their own way, learn and grow with support and encouragement, to find and build on their own strengths and interests.

Here’s the plan: Rincon del Rio will provide services for the things you really don’t want to do (or shouldn’t be attempting), leaving you the time and energy to figure out what you do want to accomplish. We will make easy the opportunities for friendships and learning. In other words, Rincon del Rio is a niche/affinity community: We are looking for residents who want us to supply the high-quality canvas, oil, and brushes and then let them paint their own picture. Does that sound like a good niche for you?